Ajo , town, Pima county, southwestern Arizona, U.S. Spaniards mined in the area in the 1750s, and the Ajo Copper Company (1854) was the first incorporated mining concern in the Arizona Territory. Copper and silver were the most valuable minerals mined in the area. The mines remained dormant from roughly 1860 until the 1900s when a townsite was laid out and a railroad built to Gila Bend, 40 miles (64 km) north. Thecommunity , originally named Muy Vavi (Papago:'Warm Water'), was renamed Ajo (Spanish:'Garlic'), for the wild garlic found in the surrounding hills. Analternativederivation claims the Papago wordau'auho , meaning 'paint, ' as the origin of the town's name, for the red paint pigment found there and used by the Papago. Former train station in Ajo, Arizona. PHB.cz/Fotolia Ajo's economy virtually depends on the Phelps Dodge Corporation, which operates the New Cornelia Open Pit Mine (390 acres [158 hectares]) and a smelter plant. A strike in 1985 led Phelps Dodge to suspend production, and depressed worldwide copper prices throughout the 1990s stymied efforts to reopen the mine. Nearby are the Papago Indian Reservation (east), the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge (west), and the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument (south). In winter the town's population swells by some 4,000 because of tourists visiting surrounding RV (recreational vehicle) parks and campgrounds. Pop. (2000) 3, 705; (2010) 3, 304.
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Short-term Orthodontics - a Gold Mine for General Dentists
For more on this topic, go to www.dentaleconomics.com and search using the following key words: short term orthodontics, gold mine, general dentist, profitability, Dr. Ryan Swain.
Every dentist wants to find new ways to increase profitability, while at the same time increasing satisfaction and decreasing stress. There is a huge profit center available that meets these criteria and that dentists from the U.S., Canada, and U.K. are discovering in droves. It is called short-term orthodontics, and it's exploding right before our eyes. Short-term orthodontics is similar to conventional orthodontics in that it involves the use of brackets and wires to move teeth. However, it is a revolutionary shift in treatment philosophy that can greatly benefit our patients and practices.
Adult patients with crooked teeth are usually left in "cosmetic limbo" when they refuse conventional orthodontic treatment. The long time period usually associated with conventional orthodontics, combined with the appearance of metal brackets and wires, result in an extremely low case-acceptance rate with which most dentists are all too familiar. Some of these patients can be helped with porcelain veneers, but most are not good candidates. Short-term orthodontics, or STO, is an effective, conservative, and reasonable treatment option for adult patients with misaligned teeth. The basic mindset behind STO is to give adult patients smiles that are esthetic, and to do it in a reasonable amount of time - around six months
The treatment goal is different
The short treatment times associated with STO are the result of a shift in treatment goals typically associated with conventional orthodontics. During the first four to nine months of conventional treatment, most of the cosmetic tooth alignment is achieved. The remainder and bulk of the conventional treatment time is spent correcting the patient's angle classification and creating ideal root angulation/inclination.
STO treatment focuses on addressing patients' chief cosmetic complaints while not attempting to alter angle classification. This philosophy can be compared to cosmetic treatment with porcelain veneers, which also does not change angle classification. However, STO has many benefits for both dentists and patients when compared to the use of veneers. STO allows us to address the primary issue at hand: improper tooth position. If teeth are misaligned, the most appropriate and conservative treatment involves orthodontic tooth movement rather than masking the problem.
What about root resorption and occlusion?
STO treatment seems to make remarkable common sense upon first inspection, but valid questions concerning root resorption and occlusion usually arise. The first question most dentists ask when they learn about STO is, "Is root resorption a problem?"
The answer to this question is definitely "no." Studies show that root resorption is typically associated with heavy forces applied over long periods of time. STO incorporates light forces over short periods of time. The short treatment times associated with STO are a result of striving for different goals than conventional orthodontics and not a function of moving the teeth more rapidly.
Occlusion is another area that should be understood when considering the addition of STO to a dental practice. We were all taught in dental school that the goal of orthodontic treatment is a Class 1 occlusion.
So, the idea of using brackets and wires to move teeth, while not always finishing with an ideal Class 1 occlusion, may at first seem unconventional to some dentists. However, a few important concepts should be considered:
The literature shows overwhelmingly that there is no relationship between angle classification and TMD signs/symptoms
Straightening teeth without altering angle classification can provide a dramatic cosmetic improvement and does not increase risks of dysfunction or pain
An ideal Class 1 occlusion is usually the most cosmetic occlusal relationship. However, there is little evidence that demonstrates that a Class 1 provides any tangible functional benefits. In fact, the literature and our own experiences show us that people with all types of dental relationships can function adequately and without pain.
Because an ideal Class 1 relationship is highly esthetic, it would be favorable if every adult patient with crooked teeth would undergo orthodontic treatment for as long as it takes to reach the ideal; however, most dentists would agree that fewer than 5% of adult patients are willing to undergo conventional orthodontics.
It is my firm belief that these patients should be given a reasonable orthodontic alternative rather than 1) conventional braces, 2) porcelain veneers, or 3) no treatment.
Orthodontic options for patients - and you
Invisalign treatment can be a very good alternative for adults who do not want to wear braces; however, more and more dentists are discovering that some of the costs and limitations of tooth movement associated with aligner therapy can create frustration for them and their patients.
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